When I think about researching the time period my book is set in, I cringe. How do I write it without becoming overwhelmed and giving up?


The amount of books to study (or lack thereof), websites to scour, and documentaries to watch can be daunting. How can you enjoy writing when you must do all this research? You didn’t sign up for that. You just hope to combine your love of history and writing to produce an entertaining book people will also learn from.


Sound familiar?


I’ve experienced this dilemma. But there is hope. Since historical fiction is my favorite genre to read and write, this topic is near and dear to my heart. I don’t like seeing fellow authors frustrated, so I’ve assembled a checklist to help you be diligent in gathering the facts with minimal hassle.


Step #1: Write What You Know

Every writer is told that, right? But I’ll adjust the maxim for historical fiction. Write a time period you’re passionate about, whether WWII, medieval, Civil War, or China’s Third Dynasty. Whatever it is, you’re probably already familiar with it because it intrigues you, so start there. Plot your book and flag anything you’re unsure about to verify later.


But what if you want to write in a time period you’ve never delved into, or maybe you’re not a history buff? I recommend perusing other books set during that time. These can be fiction, nonfiction, or a mixture. Sometimes children’s history books will supply key information about an era so you won’t have to read tons of thick volumes.


Step #2: Research the Basics

Focusing on the fundamentals will provide an overview of the time period that’s less intimidating than digging up specifics. Plus, if you’re like me, you won’t realize which details you need until you’ve completed your first draft.


Look up clothing styles, technology, the country’s leader, recreational activities, holidays, world events, and how people lived. However, that last one can be challenging to investigate because of the complex questions it generates. How would a character in a particular station of life be treated by others? Would the merchant’s son be able to become a knight in the king’s army?


I’m currently researching WWI. I haven’t read much WWI fiction, nor am I knowledgeable on the subject. But I’ve authored a couple series about the Old West leading up to 1890, so I started with that year and read books that covered a decade at a time to see how American life progressed. I continued until I reached 1914. Now I’m searching for a solid resource from an American viewpoint that describes the major battles and decisions that happened during the war. I don’t need specifics yet because I haven’t determined where I’m going to position my characters on the world stage.


Step #3: Write Your Rough Draft

Once you have an overview of your chosen time period, write a rough draft. As I mentioned above, if you come across an event, location, or other element that needs researched, jot a note and move on.


Extensive research can wait until after the rough draft, because you likely won’t pinpoint the details you need until you’ve fully developed the story. Fact-checking during revisions saves time since you can concentrate on the necessities instead of hoarding information you might need and ultimately discarding half of it.


Step #4: Do the Heavy Research During Editing

You finished your rough draft! Woohoo! Go celebrate! Then return to this step.


Remember all those areas you marked? Methodically comb through your manuscript and do the research required to fill in the blanks. If you wrote, “Marvin turned the key in the Ford Turnaround (check this model),” track down the real car model and insert it. (Yes, I made up that car model, and no, I wasn’t very creative.)


How do you accomplish this? By reading books that give you the details you need. You can also browse websites, but corroborate information from Wikipedia with other sources.


If you can’t find a precise answer, sometimes you have to accept that you tried your best. I had to do this with one of my books. I researched various places without results, so at the end of my book, I informed readers that the story might not be 100 percent accurate but I aimed to be as realistic as possible.


Take Joy in the Process

You know that overwhelming feeling you had before you read this article, which you (maybe) calmed with a deep breath? Well, it might resurface. Often. Either while writing, editing, or researching. Especially when you have to revise again and again.


This is by far the most important step. Make sure you have fun and rejoice in your victories. Did you reach 5,000 words? Celebrate! Did you write a captivating scene? Celebrate! Did you get to include an extraordinary fact in your book? Celebrate!


View research as an opportunity to explore and discover new things. Depending upon your mindset, learning about history can either be enjoyable or burdensome. Others have written historical fiction and survived, so you can too.


I pray that this article has helped you overcome dismay at the task before you. Now, open a document and put it all into practice!

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